Secrecy in Open Innovation and Open Innovation in Secrecy - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Preprints, Working Papers, ... Year :

Secrecy in Open Innovation and Open Innovation in Secrecy

, (1) ,
1
Jonathan Langlois
  • Function : Author
Romaric Servajean-Hilst

Abstract

Previous research have opposed secrecy and openness as mutually exclusive processes. In this paper, we suggest a more nuanced approach to secrecy in open innovation, drawing from Philosophy and Sociology. We have conducted a two-year research program in the defense industry, collecting data on the practices of concealment in open innovation activities. We found that focal actors utilize distinct cognitive techniques to decontextualize knowledge in the course of open innovation projects in order to safeguard secrecy while preserving mutual learning. Further, focal actors design contrasted relational approaches to secrecy with their open innovation partners. Such approaches are based on the positions of secrecy boundaries, which are internal or external to the relationship. In fact, actors intentionally make use of the reversible nature of secrecy, balancing inclusion and exclusion of knowledge in partnerships, to meet objectives that sometimes go beyond knowledge protection. Finally, we build on our findings to introduce a capability-based framework of secrecy management in openness processes. This framework, which we call Knowledge Discretion, suggests that actors overcome tensions stemming from secrecy and openness playing on the contextual depth and relational breadth of external knowledge sharing.
Not file

Dates and versions

hal-02991634 , version 1 (06-11-2020)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-02991634 , version 1

Cite

Jonathan Langlois, Sihem Ben Mahmoud-Jouini, Romaric Servajean-Hilst. Secrecy in Open Innovation and Open Innovation in Secrecy. 2020. ⟨hal-02991634⟩

Collections

HEC
22 View
0 Download

Share

Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More