So what if the clock strikes? Scheduling style, control, and well-being.

Abstract : Individuals vary in the way they schedule their daily tasks and activities. In particular, 2 scheduling styles are commonly followed: clock-time (where tasks are organized based on a clock) and event-time (where tasks are organized based on their order of completion). This research shows that adopting a clock-time or an event-time scheduling style has consequences that go beyond the direct effect on task organization. In particular, adopting 1 scheduling style versus the other is shown to potentially influence personal control and well-being. We demonstrate that the reliance on clock- versus event-time affects individuals’ perception of the causal relationship between events in the social world (Experiments 1 and 2). Specifically, we show that individuals following clock-time rather than event-time discriminate less between causally related and causally unrelated events, which in turn increases their belief that the world is controlled by chance or fate. In contrast, individuals following event-time (vs. clock-time) appear to believe that things happen more as a result of their own actions. We further show that this difference in internal locus of control compromises the ability of individuals following clock-time to savor positive emotions (Experiments 3a–5). We discuss the implications of these findings for future research in social and cognitive psychology.
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Journal articles
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https://hal-hec.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01097582
Contributor : Antoine Haldemann <>
Submitted on : Friday, December 19, 2014 - 11:19:19 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 29, 2017 - 3:45:17 PM

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Anne-Laure Sellier, Tamar Avnet. So what if the clock strikes? Scheduling style, control, and well-being.. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, American Psychological Association, 2014, 107 (5), pp.791-808. ⟨10.1037/a0038051 ⟩. ⟨hal-01097582⟩

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