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Trade, employment and fertility transition

Abstract : This paper investigates the link between trade and fertility in developing countries. Household fertility is determined by the time cost of children. Women working in the manufacturing sector face a higher time cost, and hence desire fewer children than women working in the agricultural sector. If the developing country has a comparative advantage in labour-intensive manufactures, then trade raises the demand for female labour in the manufacturing sector, thus lowering fertility.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 7, 2010 - 10:39:08 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 22, 2012 - 7:27:41 PM

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Ai-Ting Goh. Trade, employment and fertility transition. Journal of International Trade and Economic Development, Taylor & Francis (Routledge), 1999, Vol.8, n°2, pp.143-184. ⟨10.1080/09638199900000010⟩. ⟨hal-00481683⟩

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